FRUIT PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION

World production of the main fruits (2000, mio. t)
Citrus
100
Banana
64
Grapes
68
Apple
59
Mango
25
Pear
13
Pineapple
17
Peach and nectarine
13
Plum
9
Papaya
5
Date
5
Strawberry
3
Apricot
3
Avocado
2
Others
79
Total
466
Source : Our calculation from FAO(2000) data


The various fruits represent thousands of species and varieties all over the world.

Citrus is the most important group, followed by banana, grapes, apple and mango.

The production of citrus has more than doubled, whereas that of tropical fruit greatly increased.

The diversification in terms of fruits being consumed is a good example of food globalization through species transfer and world trade.

Geographical distribution
of the world fruit production (2000, in %)
  Production (mio. t) Production (%)
Africa 59 12,59
North America 60 12,79
South America 68 14,50
Asia 196 42,03
Europe 79 16,90
Australasia 6 1,19
World 466 100
Source : Our calculation from FAO(2000) data
World consumption of fruits
(2000, kg/head/year)
  consumption
(kg/head/year)
Africa 53,9
North America 118,6
South America 120,2
Asia 45,5
Europe 82,8
Australasia 109,1
World 61,6
Source : Our calculation from FAO(2000) data

 

PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF VEGETABLES

World production of the main vegetables
(2000, mio. t)
  Surface
(milliers ha)
Production (mio. t)
Tomato
3 750
102
Water melon
3 104
69
Cabbage and Cauliflower
3 378
47
Onion
2 710
30
Cucumber
1 783
20
Egg-plant
1 350
19
Melon
1 152
23
Carrot
918
16
Pepper
1 482
7
Cucurbits
1 287
5
Peas
939
1
Beans
681
76
Artichoke
123
21
Others
-
257
Total
 
692
Source : Our calculation from FAO(2000) data

The vegetables of the world are extremely diverse.

Overall, the production of tomato is the most important, followed by cabbage and onion.

The vegetables, initially collected, were grown very early, as in the hanging gardens to Babylon for instance.


Geographical distribution of the world vegetable production in % (2000)
  Production (mio. t) Production (%)
Africa 46 6,58
North America 52 7,54
South America 20 2,83
Asia 477 68,97
Europe 94 13,57
Australasia 3 0,50
World 692 100
Source : Our calculation from FAO(2000) data
World consumption of vegetables
(2000, kg/head/year)
  consumption
(kg/head/year)
Africa 53,3
North America 101,2
South America 47,5
Asia 125,6
Europe 114,4
Australasia 99,2
World 108,2
Source: FAO (2000) data


Fruit and vegetables | World's food | Agropolis-Museum