PRODUCTION

Main milk production worldwide (2000)
Mio of Tons
%
Cow
488
84,45
Buffalo
68
11,79
Goat
12
2,14
Ewe
8
1,38
Others
1
0,23
Total
578
100
Source: Our calculation based on FAO data (2000)  

Milk to be drunk and eaten

The production of cow milk has strongly increased since the middle of last century. This increase can be explained by the higher number of cattle but also by the specialization, and genetic selection of the breeds, and finally by the intensification of the breeding systems which all together have made it possible for the average output and the overall production to be augmented.

Worldwide is cow milk by far the most consumed, followed by buffalo milk, and by goat, camel and ewe milks.

Milk is consumed either fresh, or as a powder, as a concentrate, or fermented. It also allows for cheese and butter to be made.

In France, milk is really to be found everywhere, but this may be very different in other parts of the world. Tuaregs for instance, will use camel milk in priority for children. They may also offer it to a foreigner as a sign of consideration and welcome.

 
Geographical distribution of milks production (in %, 2000)
  Cow Buffalo Ewe Goat
Africa 3,89 2,98 19,98 22,31
North America 19,94 0 0 1,26
South America 9,17 0 0,44 1,49
Asia 19,41 96,77 43,12 55,9
Europe 42,78 0,25 36,47 19,04
Australasia 4,81 0 0 0
Source: Our calculation based on FAO data (2000)

  
CONSOMMATION

Consommation de lait
en kg/habitants/an dans le monde (2000)
Africa
36,4
North America
198,1
South America
116,2
Asia
42,1
Europe
205,3
Australasia
196,4
World
78,5
Sources : FAO

Milk and dairy products | World's food | Agropolis-Museum