OIL PLANTS

 Rape
Rape
© Hersant/Min. Agriculture
 

Sunflower
Sunflower
© Hersant/Min. Agriculture

Coconut
Coconut
© Lanaud/CIRAD

 


 

Oil or oleaginous plants are those from which we extract oil; they belong to a great diversity of species and are grown in various areas of the world.

Oil palm
Oil palm
© CIRAD

Among major oil plants is soyabean followed by oil palm, rape and sunflower.

Other crops are relatively important, such as groundnut, cotton, sesamum and even coconut from the fruit of which oil is extracted.

Edible oil can be extracted, as well, from other plants: maize, walnut, oil puppy, hazelnut.

The presence of oil plants on certain continents or in certain countries can also result from colonization. For instance, groundnut originating from South America has been introduced into Africa by the Portuguese and expanded to British and French colonies.