|- 10.000 years 19th century|
Agricultural and food techniquesThe development of agricultural productivity involves 3 basic stages of development:
Manual agriculture (def.), which substitutes the tools of production for the tools used for food gathering. The hoe (to prepare the soils) is probably the most universal tool (cf. A. Leroi-Gourhan), even if this terminology is sometimes misused (cf. F. Sigaut); for harvesting grasses, the sickle is essential.
agriculture (def.), with swing ploughs, ploughs and harrows. Invented
as early as 4000 years BP in the Middle East, animal-powered agriculture
increased in efficiency in the Middle Ages, when horses replaced cows with
the help of several inventions such as the harness, the horseshoe, the
hooks, hasps, etc.
Motorised agriculture, which really did not come into use in the countryside until the middle of the 20th century.
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