Agricultural times - 10.000 years  19th century




The plants of the Discovery 

The plants of the Discovery (def.), which started the 2nd great food revolution, are the plants brought from America to Europe by Christopher Columbus and his successors. These plants later diffused through the whole world. 

Plants transfer from America

The countries of Western Europe benefited from these imports in the following ways: they started cultivating new plants such as maïze (american corn), potato, tomato, bean, pepper, pumpkin, winter squash, sunflower,  Jerusalem artichoke (Heliantus tuberosis), tobacco.

  They developed plantations of cocoa, cotton, sisal, sugar-cane, coffee, banana, citrus trees, palm trees, etc. in many parts of the world, together with the triangular trade in slaves.

Plants transfer to America

America, too, benefited from plant transfers, mostly through species such as wheat, chick-pea, yam, bread-fruit, rice, banana, citrus,  sugar-cane, coffee and animal species such as sheep, cow and horse. 

Only a single animal species was transferred to Europe : the turkey.

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